By Ron Field
After a long time of anti-slavery job in 19th century the USA, the Abolitionists came across a hero who martyred himself, leading to the yank Civil War.
On October sixteen, 1859 John Brown led a small "army" of 18 males, which include thirteen whites and 5 blacks, into Harpers Ferry, Virginia. 3 different participants of his strength shaped a rearguard at a close-by Maryland farm. A veteran of the violent struggles among seasoned- and antislavery forces in Kansas in the course of 1855-56, Brown meant to impress a basic rebellion of African american citizens that might bring about a uprising opposed to slavery. The raiders seized the Federal structures, together with an armory and arsenal, and reduce the telegraph wires. even if, they didn't become aware of that extra guns were got rid of to defense after flooding on the corridor Rifle manufacturing facility. watching for neighborhood slaves to hitch them, Brown and his males fortified themselves within the fireplace Engine apartment whereas the well-armed townspeople surrounded the development. The raiders and the civilians exchanged gunfire, and 8 of Brown's males have been killed or captured. via dawn on October 18, a battalion people Marines less than the command of destiny accomplice commander Brevet Colonel Robert E. Lee, with First Lieutenant James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart as moment in command, stormed Brown's place in a fireplace engine condo and captured or killed such a lot of his strength. 5 of the conspirators, together with Brown's son Owen, escaped to safeguard in Canada and the North. critically wounded and brought to the prison in Charlestown, Virginia, John Brown stood trial for treason opposed to the commonwealth of Virginia, for homicide, and for conspiring with slaves to insurgent. On November 2, 1859, a jury convicted him and sentenced him to dying. Brown effortlessly authorised the sentence and declared that he had acted according to God's commandments. Responding to power rumours of extra uprising and written threats, Henry A. clever, governor of Virginia, known as out the country armed forces to protect opposed to a potential rescue of Brown and his fans. Brown used to be hanged in Charlestown later that day, with John Wilkes sales space and Thomas (later "Stonewall") Jackson between those that witnessed the event.
The Harpers Ferry raid proven for lots of Southerners the lifestyles of a common Northern plot opposed to slavery. in reality, Brown had raised money for his raid from Northern abolitionists. To arm the slaves, he ordered 1000 pikes from a Connecticut manufactory. Letters to Governor clever betrayed the combined emotions humans held for Brown. For a few, he used to be easily insane and shouldn't be hanged. For others, he was once a martyr to the reason for abolition, and his quickly trial and execution mirrored the phobia and vanity of the Virginia slave-owning aristocracy. Many Northerners condemned Brown's activities yet proposal him correct in his conviction that slavery needed to finish. the toilet Brown Raid on Harpers Ferry and his execution additional polarized North and South and made an answer of the slavery factor valuable to the nationwide debate which eventually ended in Civil conflict in 1861.