"Encyclopedia of Hinduism" explores a faith that emerged from prehistory and lives at the present time in excellent sort. delivering nearly seven hundred A-to-Z entries, this obtainable encyclopedia specializes in the main major teams inside this faith, noteworthy lecturers and their contributions, the religions and cultural activities that enriched its background, and the diaspora of Hindu concept and perform world wide. significant spiritual traditions that sprang from Hindu impact, Jainism and Sikhism, even have many comparable entries. Entries contain: Ancestor worship, Ayodhya, Ayurveda, Benares, Bhagavad Gita, Brahman, Caste, Christian-Hindu kinfolk, Divali, Durga, Ellora, Funeral rites, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Hindu nationalism, Indus Valley Civilization, Kama Sutra, Meditation, Mirabai, R.K. Narayan, New moon/full moon ceremonies, Om, Puja, Reincarnation/rebirth, Sacred thread, Sadhu, Sikhism, Rabindranath Tagore, Theosophical Society, Untouchability, Vegetarianism, Vishnu, global Parliament of Religions, and extra.
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Gelberg, ed. , Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna (New York: Grove Press, 1983); Satsvarupa dasa Goswami, Srila Prabhupada-lilamrta: A Biography of His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, three vols. (Los Angeles: Bhaktivedanta publication belief, 1980–83); J. Stillson Judah, Hare Krishna and the Counterculture (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974). Bharat (Bharata) Bharat (Bharata or Bhaarata in Sanskrit) is the Hindi identify for India and the respectable identify that the rustic followed at independence. Legend lines the identify to Bharata, the eponymous leader Bharati, Baba Premanand who headed the tribe from which all of the humans of India are stated to descend and who gave his identify to the MAHABHARATA. Bharata hence ability “the fatherland of these descended from Bharata. ” See additionally RAMAYANA. additional interpreting: R. C. Majumdar et al. , The heritage and tradition of the Indian humans, eleven vols. (London: G. Allen & Unwin, 1951–69); F. E. Pargiter, The Purana textual content of the Dynasties of the Kali Age (Oxford: Oxford college Press, 1913). Bharata See RAMAYANA. Bharata Natyam Bharata Natyam is without doubt one of the oldest dance kinds of India. it's been sustained within the temples and courts of southern India seeing that precedent days. Its 108 poses are chanced on carved at the partitions of the massive gateway of the CHIDAMBARAM temple in Tamil Nadu. within the nineteenth century Bharata Natyam was once codified and documented as a acting paintings by means of 4 brothers referred to as the Tanjore Quartet, whose musical compositions shape lots of the Bharata Natyam repertoire even at the present time. The dance was once passed down from new release to iteration less than the DEVADASI approach, during which ladies have been devoted to temples to serve the deity as dancers and musicians. those hugely proficient artists and their male professionals stored the paintings alive until eventually the early twentieth century, even if the devadasis have been by means of now not thought of decent. at the moment, a renewal of curiosity in India’s cultural history brought on the knowledgeable elite to rediscover it. The revival of Bharata Natyam through pioneers comparable to E. Krishna Iyer and Rukmini Devi Arundale drew the dance out of the temples and onto the degree. It didn't stop, although, to be a dance dedicated to the divinities. modern Bharata Natyam is predicated on solo dances with musical accompaniment, includ- seventy nine J ing singers and percussion. The dance unfolds from a base stance with the physique in a diminished place with knees akimbo. From this stance the legs are moved outward rhythmically, beating pace in play with the percussion. such a lot performances contain a “pure dance” point, yet hand and facial gestures (MUDRAS) also are very important; they impart, in a coded pantomime, the tale being instructed. The tales are customarily concerning the gods SHIVA and VISHNU (in his numerous incarnations) and their other halves and households. The narrative performs on conventional tales that just about continuously show a devotional sentiment; it's a kind of choreographed worship. this day Bharata Natyam is without doubt one of the most well-liked and broadly played Indian dance types; it truly is practiced by means of female and male dancers in all places India.