By Ulrich Marzolph
This accomplished reference at the "Arabian Nights" provides specified study on nearly all points of the stories, together with significant protagonists, topics, vital translations, textual background, variations, reworkings, works encouraged via the stories and facets of literary concept.
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Additional info for The Arabian Nights: An Encyclopedia, Volumes 1-2
Within the coffeehouses humans performed video games comparable to chess and backgammon, and shadow performs of the Karagöz variety have been played. A past due sixteenth-century Turkish Social lifestyles and pop culture within the Arabian Nights fifty three visitor in Cairo wrote of coffeehouses crammed quite often with dissolute individuals and opium-eaters, veteran squaddies and elderly officials. within the 17th century the Ottoman writer Kâtib superstarî defined the serious literary job that came about in coffeehouses. Coffeehouses now additionally turned locations the place info used to be exchanged and grievances opposed to the govt. have been expressed. a few coffeehouses seem to have accommodated a number of possibilities for sexual intercourse, together with pederasty. As for the topic of renowned trust, tales within the Nights are replete with all types of demons (jinn, ‘ifrît, mârid, ghûl) and replicate their function within the conception of the typical humans. during this appreciate they are often linked to treatises directory various spells for summoning the jinn which will research their secrets and techniques and to hire them as treasure-hunters. Al-Shiblî, a fourteenthcentury qâdî from the Syrian city of Tripoli, wrote a treatise at the jinn treating, between different issues, the query of marriage among a human and a demon. Such quandary for demons is corroborated via ancient resources. Felix Fabri, who visited Cairo within the moment half the 15th century, defined a home at the banks of the Nile whose proprietor were pushed out through nocturnal spirits that have been, so the rumor went, punctilious sufficient to pay lease. males donning demonic mask participated within the annual Egyptian celebrations of the Coptic New yr (nawrûz), in addition to within the above-mentioned mahmil gala's. males of the bottom ranks post a “show of demons” (‘ifrît) so that it will earn a living through unique the crowds. lots havoc was once wreaked that the express used to be sometimes banned. the area of magic and sorcery is additionally depicted within the Nights. Amulets with zodiacal symbols corresponding to the sunlight and Leo have survived from at the least as early because the 12th century. additionally, talismanic cups and bowls for treating the unwell are extant, in addition to attire embellished with magical numbers and logos. trust in magic used to be no longer limited to the uneducated. A revered pupil akin to the fifteenth-century Ibn Iyâs relates how a Maghribî sorcerer conjured up a backyard that he offered to an inhabitant of Cairo, prior to vanishing including the backyard. there has been a progress of magical practices in Sufi circles, and it seems that via the 16th century Sufis grew to become the most exponents of the occult sciences. Dervishes and beggars usually traded amulets and wrote out talismanic charms. transitority or everlasting metamorphosis of people into animals and vice versa, which unearths expression in lots of tales of the Nights (see, for instance, the second one Shaykh’s tale; the story of the Ensorcelled Prince; the second one Qalandar’s story; Jullanâr the Sea-born and Her Son King Badr Bâsim of Persia; heritage of Sîdî Nu‘mân) as in Arabic folklore, used to be a component of premodern trust.